Today marks the anniversary of both the birth and death of Ingrid Bergman.
For pretty much all of those years that she lit up the screen and the stage with her singular, combustible mix of intellect, emotional honesty and Scandinavian sensuality, LIFE magazine covered Bergman’s life and her career. When she was the “hot new thing” in Hollywood (after making a name for herself in her native Sweden in the 1930s), LIFE raved about the “new brand of charm” she brought to the American screen. When, in 1946, she starred on Broadway in Maxwell Anderson’s Joan of Lorraine (and for which she won her only Tony), LIFE referred to her deserved “enormous reputation” as Hollywood’s “undisputed queen.” When her career took a hit in the States after she left her husband and daughter, Pia, to live with and eventually marry the great Italian director Roberto Rossellini — shocking and angering her American fans who had, simplistically, come to view her as something like a plaster saint — LIFE sympathetically covered her life and her work in Europe.
Here, LIFE.com presents photographs of the one and only Ingrid Bergman as she appeared in LIFE throughout the years.